National Nurses Day, also known as National RN Recognition Day, is always celebrated on May 6th and opens National Nurses Week. National Nurses Week begins each year on May 6th and ends on May 12th, the birth date of Florence Nightingale.
National Nurses Week is one of the nation's largest health care events, recognizing the contributions and commitments nurses make and educating the public about the significant work they perform. The American Nurses Association (ANA) supports and encourages National Nurses Week through state and district nurses associations, educational facilities, and independent health care companies and institutions. The week-long celebration is designed to accommodate the variety of schedules nurses are required to work.
Activities during National Nurses Week typically include banquets and recognition dinners, state and city proclamations, continuing education seminars, and other community events. Nurses are typically honored with gifts, dinners, and flowers by friends and family members, coworkers such as doctors and administrators, and patients who want to show their appreciation.
The history of Nurses Day can be traced back to 1953 when Dorothy Sutherland of the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare sent a proposal to President Eisenhower to proclaim a "Nurse Day" in October of the following year. The proclamation was never made, but the following year National Nurses Week was observed from October 11 – 16, marking the 100th anniversary of Florence Nightingale's mission to Crimea.
In 1974, President Nixon proclaimed a "National Nurse Week." In 1981, a resolution was initiated by nurses in New Mexico to have May 6th declared "National Recognition Day for Nurses." This proposal was promoted by the ANA Board of Directors and in 1982, with a joint resolution, the United States Congress designated May 6th to be "National Recognition Day for Nurses." The proposal was signed by President Reagan, making May 6 the official "National Recognition Day for Nurses." It was later expanded by the ANA Board of Directors in 1990 to a week-long celebration (May 6-12) known as "National Nurses Week."
National Student Nurses Day is celebrated each year on May 8th. At the request of the National Student Nurses Association, the ANA Board of Directors designated May 8th as National Student Nurses Day beginning in 1998.
And as of 2003, the ANA has declared that National School Nurse Day is celebrated on the Wednesday within National Nurses Week.
International Nurses Day is celebrated around the world on May 12th of each year. The International Council of Nurses (ICN) commemorates this day each year with the production and distribution of the International Nurses' Day Kit which includes educational and public information materials for use by nurses everywhere. The ICN has celebrated International Nurses Day since 1965.
Here's a list of Nurses I know.My daughter-in-law Didith Gayagoy Woldering, Robin Rzepka, Terra James, Amaru Meru, Kathy Coletta, Sheila Rudolph, Sherry Perkins, Amber D, Kathy Williams daughter, and Nicole Westbrook. Thanks all of you!
Healing in the Ancient World
In my research for Children of Stone, I discovered that the ancient Egyptians had a quite sophisticated knowledge of medicine. Many of the medical techniques and preparations the healers used in those ancient times are being re-discovered and used today in homeopathic medicine. The picture above shows therapy by reflexology - massage. I mentioned massage and the use of herbal preparations to induce hallucinations and alter the psyche, as well as the use of opiates. Licensing and study was required. Practicing medicine without a license was a crime as Ariennu discovered in Going Forth By Day.
Here is an abstract of a longer article about Egyptian Medicine.
What was ancient Egyptian medicine like?
Ancient Egypt was a civilization that lasted from 3300 to 525 B.C.E. This is probably where the concept of health started. Some of the earliest records of medical care come from ancient Egypt.
The ancient Egyptians believed in prayer as a solution to health problems, but they also had natural, or practical, remedies, such as herbs.
The ancient Egyptians had basic medical equipment, and they also believed that the gods controlled life and health. They thought that gods, demons, and spirits played a key role in causing diseases.
Doctors believed that spirits blocked channels in the body and that this affected the way the body worked. They looked for ways to unblock these channels. They used a combination of prayer and natural — or non-spiritual — remedies.
Most healers were also priests, but, in time, the profession of a "doctor of medicine" emerged. The ancient Egyptians were also traders. They traveled long distances, coming back with herbs and spices from faraway lands.
Research and learning
The ancient Egyptians' practice of preserving deceased people as mummies meant that they learned something about how the human body works. Kings and queens from faraway lands sought Egyptian doctors because of their reputation for excellence.
Medical practice and the Ebers papyrus
Archaeologists have found a number of written records that describe ancient Egyptian medical practice, including the Ebers papyrus.
The ancient Egyptians probably learned something about the human body through mummification.
This document contains over 700 remedies and magical formulas and scores of incantations aimed at repelling demons that cause disease.
The authors probably wrote them around 1500 B.C.E., but the document may contain copies of material dating back to 3400 B.C.E. They are among the oldest preserved medical documents in existence.
The scroll provides evidence of some sound scientific procedures.
Doctors appear to have had fairly good knowledge about bone structure and some awareness of how the brain and liver worked.
The heart: According to the Ebers Papyrus, the center of the body's blood supply is the heart, and every corner of the body is attached to vessels. The heart was the meeting point for vessels that carried tears, urine, semen, and blood. Researchers writing in 2014 described ancient Egyptian understanding of the cardiovascular system as "surprisingly sophisticated, if not accurate.
Mental illness: The document describes in detail the characteristics, causes, and treatment for mental disorders such as dementia and depression. The ancient Egyptians appear to have seen mental diseases as a combination of blocked channels and the influence of evil spirits and angry Gods.
Family planning: The scroll contains a section on birth control, how to tell if a person is pregnant, and some other gynecological issues.
There is also advice about:
diseases related to the eyes
how to surgically treat an abscess or a tumor
In addition, there is evidence that doctors knew how to set broken bones and treat burns.
Some recommendations that physicians made then seem fairly sound to us now.
They advised people to wash and shave their bodies to prevent infections, to eat carefully, and to avoid unclean animals and raw fish.
Some, however, are less familiar. Putting a plug of crocodile dung into the entrance of the vagina, for example, was a method of birth control. People also used dung to disperse evil spirits.
The Egyptians also practiced dentistry. Caries and tooth decay appear to have been common.
cumin, incense, and onion to treat swollen gums
opium, possibly, to treat pain
drilling holes into the jaw to drain an abscess
However, they do not seem to have extracted teeth.
Magic and religion
Everyday life in Egypt involved beliefs and fear of magic, gods, demons, evils spirits, and so on. They believed that the gods created and controlled life.
Heka was the goddess of magic and medicine, while Bes, another god, protected women during pregnancy. People called upon Serket if they had a scorpion bite.
Angry gods or evil forces caused bad luck and disaster, so people used magic and religion to deal with these forces and to treat people.
The "channel theory" came from observing farmers who dug out irrigations channels for their crops. It allowed medicine to move from entirely spiritual cures towards practical, natural ones.
The doctors believed that, as in irrigation, channels provide the body with routes for good health. If blockages occurred, they used laxatives to unblock them.
The heart was the center of 46 channels, seen as types of tubes.
It is true that human veins, arteries, and intestines are types of tubes. However, the Egyptians did not understand that these channels had different functions.
Blockages in the human channels were thought to result from the doings of Wekhedu, an evil spirit. When Wekhedu came to the surface of the body, it showed as pus.
This idea that bodily function played a role in health was a breakthrough in the history of medicine.
Channels and the heart
The ancient Egyptians believed that the body consisted of a system of channels, or "Metu."
One researcher notes that they believed that bodily fluids could enter this system, including feces. This would have a negative effect, and enemas became an important method of treatment for many conditions, including malaria and smallpox.
Egyptian physicians underwent training and could successfully fix broken bones and dislocated joints.
Basic surgery — meaning procedures close to the surface of the skin or on the skin — was a common skill, and doctors knew how to stitch wounds effectively.
They used bandages and would bind certain plant products, such as willow leaves, into the bandages to treat inflammation.
However, they did not perform surgery deep inside the body, probably because there were no anesthetics or antiseptics.
Circumcision of baby boys was common practice. It is hard to tell whether female circumcision existed. There is one mention, but this may be a mistranslation.
Injuries and illness
Egyptian doctors said there were three types of injuries:
Treatable injuries: They dealt with these immediately.
Contestable injuries: The doctor believed these were not life-threatening and that the person could survive without intervention. The doctor would observe the patient. If they survived, the doctor would decide in time whether to intervene.
Untreatable ailments: The doctor would not intervene.
Common complaints included:
the common cold
A remedy for headaches, mentioned in the Ebers Papyrus, appears to advise the following:
Mash together flour, incense, wood of wa, waneb plant, mint, a horn of a stag, sycamore seeds, mason's plaster, seeds of zart, water. Apply to the head.
Another remedy is to use poppy seeds or aloe.
People used aloe vera in ancient Egyptian times to heal burns and skin diseases.
Other conditions and treatments include:
Asthma: Honey and milk, sesame, frankincense
Burns and skin disease: Aloe
Digestive problems: Juniper, mint, garlic, and sandalwood
Bad breath: Mint, caraway
Vomiting: Mint to stop it and mustard seeds to cause it
The cure for a cold was an incantation.
Cleanliness was an important part of Egyptian life, and homes had rudimentary baths and toilets. Appearance and the use of make-up were important.
The main aim was to meet social and religious requirements, although many people wore make-up around their eyes to protect them from disease.
People used mosquito nets during the hot months, whether to protect against malaria and other diseases or to avoid bites. Malaria was a common problem.
The medical profession
The ancient Egyptians were probably the first people to have professional doctors, and it was a respected occupation.
According to the Ancient History Encyclopedia, they had to be literate and clean in body and spirit. There were doctors all over Egypt. The earliest ever record of a male physician was Hesy-Ra in 2700 B.C.E. He was was "Chief of Dentists and Doctors" to King Dioser.
The first record of a female doctor was probably Peseshet in 2400 B.C.E., the supervisor of all female doctors, but there may have been female doctors as early as 3000 B.C.E.
The top doctors worked in the royal court. Below them, inspectors would supervise the work of other doctors. There were specialists, such as dentists, proctologists, gastroenterologists, and ophthalmologists.
A proctologist — or possibly the giver of enemas — was called "nery phuyt," which translates as the "shepherd of the anus," according to an article published in the Journal of Vascular Surgery.
Full article at: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323633.phpLast reviewed Fri 9 November 2018By Yvette Brazier Reviewed by Daniel Murrell, MD
YOUR INTERVIEW AND CHARACTER INTERVIEW HERE
Once again I've run out of completed interviews. So message me through my facebook page or my email at firstname.lastname@example.org if you'd like one. OPENINGS IMMEDIATELY
And now Andrea Lamoreaux presents “Auralina” one of the Characters in her current trilogy The Elemental Diaries
1. Go ahead and introduce yourself.
My name is Auralina Pavanas.
2.Tell us where and when were you born.
I was born at Ventosa, one of the four kingdoms of Sarantoa.
3. How would you describe yourself?
I am independent but loyal to those who are close to me. Some fear me because of my air magic. They need not worry. I once feared it too, but I would never harm anyone unless they threatened me or those I love.
4. Tell us about where you grew up.
Ventosa is a beautiful land where it is always winter. I grew up inside of the Crystalline Palace, named after the ice that coats its outer walls.
5. How old are you?
I am two decades.
6. Did you have a happy childhood? Why/why not?
I did until the age of sixteen. I was my father’s pride and my mother’s joy. I always knew I’d inherit the throne, and I enjoyed being doted on if I’m to be completely honest.
7. Past/ present relationships? How did they affect you?
My relationship with Vidar… well, you’ll have to read the story to find out. As for me and Ramiel, he changed everything for me.
8. What do you value above all else in life?
Love. Without it my world would be a dreadful place to exist.
9. What are you obsessed with?
Cleanliness. I hate being dirty.
10.How do your beliefs make life better for yourself and the people you care about? Without my belief me and my people wouldn’t be here. Truthfully. Read my story and you’ll see.
11. Biggest fear?
Giant insects. Unfortunately I’ve come face to face with a few. I hope to never do so again.
12. What line will you never cross?
I would never sell my spirit to the Dark Lord.
13. What is the best thing that ever happened to you? The worst?
The best was meeting the love of my life. The worst was imprisonment.
14. Most embarrassing thing that ever happened to you?
Gosh, I don’t know. Probably being caught half-naked.
15. Biggest secret?
I can’t tell you that.
16. What is the one word you would use to define yourself?
17. What is your current goal?
I am happy to say that I’ve met all of my goals for now.
A recent Review.
Richard Burke Apr 19, 2019 Richard Burke rated it really liked it This story weaves together ancient Egyptian mythology with a touch of Sci-Fi. The premise of the book is an alien visit, which endows the main character, Marai, with superhuman powers. The level of description is impressive, verging on poetic, but a little too much so at times to the detriment of plot advancement. This was not a light read, but if you enjoy fantasy mixed with ancient history, you may enjoy this book.
Aaron Kavli is the next author we'll meet. Welcome Aaron!
What made you want to be a writer?
Mostly it’s the joy I feel when I’m writing. Some things are fun, some things are drudgery but you have to do them. But when I’m writing a novel and the story is coming together, I feel a deep-seated joy and accomplishment. With the recent success of so many independent authors, I also want to be able to be able to support my family with my creative works.
When is the release of your next novel? Name genre or if it’s part of a series. If your book is part of a series tell the readers about the others that are out for sale.
I’m hurriedly finishing final revisions and prepping for the audio of my dark military sci-fi novel, With Our Dying Breath. It should be released in the next two months, but I haven’t set a firm date just yet. I'm narrating the audiobook and will release all versions simultaneously.
How important is it to read books when you want to be an author?
Very. I find it hard to schedule reading time between my family, “real” job, and actually writing/editing/revision. I listen to a lot of audio books. But I think it’s still important to read because you can absorb the material and writing style better from the page. If nothing else, it lets you see where everyone else is putting those commas!
Do you remember the first book you read?
The first book I remember reading and really enjoying was David and the Phoenix. Others I remember loving early on were The Hobbit and the Chronicles of Prydain.
What book are you reading now?
I’m currently reading Putting the Science in Fiction by Dan Koboldt, Newsletter Ninj a by Tammi Labrecque, and I’ve been listening to the Dark Tower series (again) by Steven King. I’ve been splitting my time between craft, marketing, and fiction books.
How did you come up with the idea for the book or series, especially the title?
The basic story for With Our Dying Breath started off as a pulpy, Buck Rogers type of story. High adventure, spaceship fights, plasma pistols, aliens, and the whole works. But instead of it having a Buck Rogers type of ending, I thought a darker one would be interesting. Over the close to 20 years it’s been banging around in my head, I decided it would be more powerful if the characters and setting were more realistic and not so stereotypical.
The title came later I think. I like to base a novel’s title on a catchy or important line in the story somewhere.
Which character do you identify with most in your novel?
I’d say the main character. He’s tired of fighting and not particularly impressed with the people in charge of him. After so many years, he just wants the war to be over and to live peacefully with his family.
How much of the book is realistic and are experiences based on someone you know, or events in your own life?
I spent 6 years in the US Navy, so I’ve drawn a lot on that experience when describing the atmosphere, policies, and personalities. You get quite an interesting cross section of characters in the military.
To craft your works, do you have to travel? Before or during the process?
No. For one novel that is in WIP limbo, I did travel across the Southeastern US via Google maps though. Most of my fiction is removed enough from current geography, or the location is that important, that I don’t need to travel. Which is good, because I actually hate traveling. That’s not to say I don’t do research though.
Tell us how the atmosphere needs to be for you to be able to write. Example, music on or quiet etc.
Due to my circumstances, about the only thing I prefer is quiet. We have a busy house and I often take my tablet and keyboard with me to write while hauling kids around to their extracurricular activities or to the break room at work. As long as no creatures are actively wallering on me, I can do OK.
What is one goody you must have at your desk when you’re writing?
An extra large bottle of quiet, but we're usually out in my house.
Which part of the publishing process do you detest most?
Marketing. Mostly because I’ve tried to learn a lot but haven’t had time to try it yet since I’m in the middle of two revisions, beta readers, and doing some audio. When something is ready though, I’m going to give it my best.
When you need some extra encouragement who do you turn to?
My wife is always supportive and one of my best beta readers.
How do you market your book?
So far, just some FaceBook. But when it’s released I plan on using paid adds on FB, Amazon, and GoodReads. We’ll see how that goes.
Have readers ever contacted you? If so, tell us the best thing they’ve said to you.
Only a couple to wish me luck. I did get a few good reviews, and a not-so-good review that actually had some good, and true, things to say.
Who do you trust to read your finished books before publication?
My wife and mother mostly. I’ve recently picked up a few good beta readers who said they were willing to read future works.
Do you have any hobbies?
I study historical fencing, gaming, and painting miniatures. Most of them have fallen to the wayside due to my sudden flurry of writing.
What TV shows/films do you enjoy watching?
I don’t watch much TV, though I do like the Expanse series. Mostly I just rewatch things I already like, I’m somewhat reluctant, and too pressed for time, to get involved in new shows. Especially remakes.
Imagine a future where you no longer write. What would you do?
Probably what I do now, tech support for a telecom company
You only have 24 hours to live how would you spend that time?
Hugging and never letting go of my family.
What do you want written on your head stone?
I waffle between “I’d Rather be Breathing” and “Let me outta here!”
Are there any mistakes you made with your first book?
I don’t have time to list them! And I’ve learned so much since then. But dialogue and structure are big problems that I didn’t even know about then. That and confusing POV shifts mid-scene.
What kind of advice can you give to other either aspiring authors?
Stick to it and have realistic expectations. The first book I submitted was wrote was picked up by a small publishing house. I was on cloud nine. I never expected to make a lot of money, but when I got published, I thought I had it made. I mean, first time up to bat, right? When my expectations of what it meant to be successful (namely a vague idea of fame and fortune) it sidelined me into thinking of my writing as nothing more than a hobby.
I didn’t know what it meant to be a professional author or how to achieve it. You’ve got to do you’re research and the work. We see overnight successes, not realizing it usually takes years and several novels before an author achieves success.
Tell us how we may get a copy of your book. (Kindle, Amazon, Barnes and Noble, paperback etc.)
I’ll be selling wide. All the links to the stores will be on www.arkavli.com in a convenient app.
I’ll have it on Kindle, Amazon, Ingram Spark, Kobo, and every place that will take it. I just have to get the product files finished.