National Battery Day is observed on February 18, 2019.
Think about the usefulness of the batteries. Recognize how important a simple battery is to our way of life.
In electricity, a battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells that convert stored chemical energy into electrical energy. Batteries have become a common power source for many household and industrial applications.
There are two types of batteries: primary batteries (disposable batteries), which are designed to be used once and discarded, and secondary batteries (rechargeable batteries), which are designed to be recharged and used multiple times. Batteries come in many sizes, from miniature cells used to power hearing aids and wristwatches to battery banks the size of rooms that provide standby power for telephone exchanges and computer data centers. (With material from: Wikipedia) This text has been taken from www.cute-calendar.com
About discarding batteries. When you aren't using a battery-powered object regularly, remove the battery. Batteries that have been abandoned leak corrosive chemicals onto parts of the circuit or wiring over time, making the object useless. Green, Blue or white corrosion is difficult to remove, if not impossible.
Dead batteries? Don't throw them in the trash. Recycle them. Most municipalities have certain days when you might recycle them. Some companies and/or schools have battery recycling stations. Take advantage of these and help save our environment.
But when did the Battery first come into existence? The Baghdad Battery is believed to be about 2000 years old (from the Parthian period, roughly 250 BCE to CE 250). The jar was found in Khujut Rabu just outside Baghdad and is composed of a clay jar with a stopper made of asphalt. Sticking through the asphalt is an iron rod surrounded by a copper cylinder. When filled with vinegar - or any other electrolytic solution - the jar produces about 1.1 volts.
There is no written record as to the exact function of the jar, but the best guess is that it was a type of battery. Scientists believe the batteries (if that is their correct function) were used to electroplate items such as putting a layer of one metal (gold) onto the surface of another (silver), a method still practiced in Iraq today.
Ancient Astronaut theorists believe the "battery" is older and from beyond Earth. They believe it was used for lighting while the pyramids and ancient temples were being built.
The evidence is wall art and the fact that no soot was found in the ceilings of the ancient edifices. Without lamps or torches they think the only other choice would be electricity.
Here's a speculative image of the batteries powering the "Dendera Lightbulb" At the right is the wall art that inspired it.
Archaeologists have soundly debunked the theory. First, they did find soot on most of the ceilings in the ancient buildings. When it was removed, brilliant art was discovered.
There are other ways of getting light into a dark place which I'll cover in the next article. The image at the right shows something that resembles an old Edison lightbulb with a filament in the middle. It is balanced on something that appears to be an old- fashioned glass insulator. These were used on outdoor telephone wires in the days before satellite technology. Second, the Ancient Egyptians loved to document everything. What they didn't document they referred to as mysteries conveyed by the gods. The Lightbulb was documented by the Egyptians themselves and not considered the work of gods -- or at least not the construction of the object.
What archaeologists believe from the images and the writings is that this wall image is the creation story. The Lightbulb is a Lotus bud (note the bottom of the bud) and the filament, if you look closely enough, is a snake. The insulator is a Djed pillar. The jug isn't a battery but a wine jug for the celebration of Hathor, goddess of joy. One of the unfortunate things we find in speculation is that people often see art or a relic that resembles something in their own time. Example: This looks like an airplane, therefor ancient people must have had airplanes, or been visited by aliens who flew in them. The problem is that, once people decide that, they look no further and never ask "What else could it be" I truly believe we have been visited by aliens and that they are possibly influencing us today. But the battery was likely not the kind we use in our technology today and the "Lightbulb"? There's more of an explanation for the image being part of a creation myth than a source of light. For a full explanation of the truth behind the matter, read this:
My series Children of Stone is considered a fantasy, and true to the genre I've used fantasy technology. I also try to keep within some of the guidelines of researched history and not that much on speculative history although it's tempting. The irony is that much of the imagery came to me in an era before much of the technology had been mass marketed. The Children themselves come to earth in the form of gemstones of varied colors and vibratory character, much like New Age Crystals. The difference is that they are part sentient and part AI. They require a symbiotic relationship with a human host. Once they find or elect one and implant themselves at the "Third Eye" they begin altering the DNA of that host, giving them optimum physical form, healing any flaws, increasing endurance, and giving near immortality.
They "download" their information like a USB - a sense of wisdom and much of what they are - to a point. They don't change the basic personality of the host. They also, being creatures of light can make some hosts very uncomfortable. At left is an example of a "crystal" USB in steampunk style available on Amazon.
I mentioned earlier that there may have been another way to light dark passages in ancient construction. One that is debated often is the use of mirrors. The reason for the debate is archaeologists presume copper plates were used. I speculate desert glass plates or lenses and possible use of orichalcum which would have created a brighter reflection. In Opener of the Sky, Djerah mentions the lighting and the reflective surfaces that could cause burns and necessitated the wearing of eye-shades. Think of welder's masks. Again speculative--
-- or go with lamps. Not all oils create soot as easily as olive oil. Also, if your work crew was building something fit for a king, they likely scrubbed off any soot as they finished each section.
Next week: Djerah's flying machines
Last week Richard Gibney wrote about his life and adventures as a writer. Today, he's brought a character from his WIP The Quantum Eavesdropper which will be released in the summer.
1. Go ahead and introduce yourself.
My name is Keir Thomas Tremayne.
2. Tell us where and when were you born.
I was born in the year 2062 in Dublin, Ireland.
3. How would you describe yourself?
I’m a detective sergeant in the United Nations police force, which is a separate entity to local enforcement, introduced in part because of the corrupt and racist practices of the local Gardai, the Irish police.
I believe that I’m suffering some post-traumatic stress. I am trapped on what’s known as the event horizon of a black hole, in the first faster-than-light ship ever constructed, now four thousand light years from Earth.
I have found that I can communicate with people throughout history from the dawn of telephony till now. It allows me to use this template to answer your questions. Ultimately, I want to save my wife, who was killed in the year 2094 by a crimelord in Ireland – less than a year ago, in my experience. I think I can achieve this by changing the timeline via communications with those I’ve been in contact with on Earth.
4. Tell us about where you grew up.
Ireland has undergone a lot of change in the last couple of decades. Legislation has been introduced across Europe that means the rationing of certain products, essentially so people don’t starve in other countries. There’s a streak of xenophobia in the air.
Anti-immigrant sentiment is rife among the local population. Before I started serving, even I felt undermined in my own country, both by an influx of immigrants from North America and the more traditional influx from Asia and Africa.
5. How old are you?
33 years old in the year 2095.
6. Did you have a happy childhood? Why/why not?
Again, without wanting to sound glib, I was probably more racist than I’d like to have been growing up. I’m keen to change reality to undo some of the harm for which I feel responsible.
7. Past/ present relationships? How did they affect you?
My parents fled Ireland as soon as they could, leaving me in Ireland with my uncle, Tom Tremayne. He fought cancer towards the end – the disease came about as a result of his work at a toy manufacturing plant with a secret, underground research facility devoted to faster-than-light technologies. He knew nothing of the faster-than-light research.
Victor Gabiljek had developed the technology before it fell into more nefarious hands. I have been in contact with him since the late 2070s, although it’s only a few weeks of my own experience here at the black hole in 2095.
The research was stolen by Zhinny Zhao, a veritable dragon lady hellbent on taking over the world. She ultimately owns the research facility in Dublin.
The research has also been studied by the US government, some of whom are colluding with Ms Zhao, and some of whom are “good guys”.
The US government kidnapped me and three others to send us into space. We’re among the most qualified candidates after taking a civil service examination that was held to determine who would go into space on this first faster-than-light mission. They include a Russian spy named Alexander Mihalchik who was a weapons specialist, a Nigerian engineer named Adebulu Okafor, and a Burmese science officer, Yadana Osai. Yadana is still alive – I launched her out of a life-pod, before I got trapped at the black hole. They would probably not send us out there at all, except for the fact that there’s a rupture in space-time between Jupiter and Mars, growing larger and with no current explanation. It needs to be sealed. From what we know, it’s been there since the late 1970s, long preceding my arrival at the black hole so we’re unsure how it was caused.
My own nemesis back in Dublin, Hidalgo Ingoldsby, was a naturalized-Irish crimelord responsible for the death of my wife. He worked closely with Zhinny Zhao monitoring my own movements as I was a person-of-interest, given my current presence at the black hole, and ability to communicate with people in the past.
8. What do you value above all else in life?
Trying not to destroy Planet Earth, but I may well be the worst thing to happen to it if I contaminate the timeline.
9. What are you obsessed with?
Zhinny Zhao, who has psionic links to the aliens on a world we visited before my arrival at the black hole. I believe that our visit to the alien world kick-started an inevitable war with these same aliens. They’ve essentially usurped Adebulu’s engineering knowledge by somehow incorporating his thoughts into their genetic structure. These aliens are certainly strange beasts, far more led by their instincts than we are when it comes to technological development.
10. How do your beliefs make life better for yourself and the people you care about?
I don’t know that they do, unfortunately. But I’m open to exploring my beliefs.
11. Biggest fear?
More deaths that I can’t prevent.
12. What line will you never cross?
I’m terrified of changing the timeline for the worse. But I fear I’ve already done that.
13. What is the best thing that ever happened to you? The worst?
Being trapped on the lip of a black hole, and being trapped on the lip of a black hole.
14. Most embarrassing thing that ever happened to you?
Between you and me, I had an accident in my pants bailing out of a plane over the Balkans while fleeing Russia.
15. Biggest secret?
“No secrets from Eldon.” Private joke. The biggest secret is that there are no secrets.
16. What is your current goal?
To save my wife from being murdered. And to save the Earth – perhaps even from my own actions. It’s a Promethean problem, the burden of Atlas. Et cetera, et cetera.
And now Renee Jean! Welcome!
What made you want to be a writer?
As long as I can remember I have seen movies in my head and heard the character’s voices. I wanted to share those stories and visions with others. When I was a kid I put on plays for my friends and family and eventually I started writing down the stories so I could share them with more people.
When is the release of your next novel? Name genre or if it’s part of a series. If your book is part of a series tell the readers about the others that are out for sale.
The next book coming out is called Fish and it is the second in my Sharing Strength series. There are five books in the series that all focus on different aspects of PTSD.
It is a difficult subject but one I believe needs to be addressed more openly and often. I also have books in a number of other series coming out in 2019.
How important is it to read books when you want to be an author?
It is vital to read when you want to be an author. Not only does it open your mind to other avenues and give you a chance to see how other authors create dialogue and settings but it is a chance to escape from the worlds your create in your own writing as well.
Do you remember the first book you read?
The first book I read cover to cover on my own was a poetry book called Favorite Poems Old and New and there is a short poem on page 9 called This Is My Rock by David McCord that is the initial reason I wanted to become a writer myself.
What book are you reading now? Right now I am reading The Last Mile by David Baldacci and Under The Dome by Stephen King
How did you come up with the idea for the book or series, especially the title?
My Sharing Strength series was named after the last book in the series and centers around a support group for people with PTSD. My Syn series is based around the seven deadly sins and the character’s last name is Syntel. My Voices series is named after the first book in the series titled Voices In Her Head and is about an author whose character is stronger than she is prepared to handle.
Which character do you identify with most in your novel?
In the Sharing Strength series I relate to both Jasmine and Rachel. Jasmine’s story is based on a true story and it weighed heavily on me to write it but it was therapeutic at the same time. Rachel Is just a character that touched my heart from the beginning.
How much of the book is realistic and are experiences based on someone you know, or events in your own life?
Jasmine is based on my own true story. It is fictionalized but based in my past and Rachel has aspects of my life and experiences as well. The rest of the stories are fictional but I have done research with people who have lived through similar things to get the stories as close to reality as possible.
To craft your works, do you have to travel? Before or during the process?
I haven’t had to travel yet but I will be making a trip to London in order to get authenticity for the Voices series and I will be going to Salem, Mass. in order to get some background for the Syn series.
Tell us how the atmosphere needs to be for you to be able to write. Example, music on or quiet etc.
I can write almost anywhere if I am in the right frame of mind. I am easily distracted but I seem to be able to concentrate better at a coffee shop than at home. I do make specific playlists for each of my books / series that helps me focus more easily on the mindset for the characters.
What is one goody you must have at your desk when you’re writing?
It just depends on where I am. There is nothing in particular I have to have while writing.
Which part of the publishing process do you detest most? Editing. No question, hands down, I hate editing.
What is the worst thing you’ve had to overcome before publishing your novel? IF it’s too personal just make a generalized statement if you can.
Dealing with my own PTSD breakdown while working on Sharing Strength books.
When you need some extra encouragement who do you turn to?
My mom. She is brutally honest about my editing and writing abilities but she is also the first to tell me not to give up and let me bounce some ideas off her when I am in a brainstorming mood.
How do you market your book? Signings.
I attend several signings and hold launch parties when new books come out. I have some ideas for upcoming series but so far my marketing has been limited unfortunately. I am working to improve that part.
Have readers ever contacted you? If so, tell us the best thing they’ve said to you. I had a reader buy Survivor and contact me later to say thank you. She and her husband had a daughter suffering from an emotional breakdown and my story helped them understand what might be happening. They talked to her about what I went through and she opened up, telling them she went through something similar. She eventually read the book as well and they came to Vegas and I got the chance to meet the daughter. She hugged me and it made me break down and cry knowing what I went through helped someone else.
Who do you trust to read your finished books before publication?
My mom. I know people will scoff at that but she is the most honest person I know. She tells me when my writing needs work but will tell me the parts she liked as well. She will critique my writing while still giving me encouragement and ideas on how to improve what she thinks needs work.
Tell us all about your very first book signing. Take us there with your description of people, place, food, décor etc.
I signed at an adorable coffee and dessert shop in Las Vegas. I sat at a picnic style table in the middle of the restaurant, nibbling on some finger sandwiches. The owner put out layered trays with dessert selections and a pitcher of iced tea for any readers that would come to the table. As can be expected, the only people that came by were a handful of friends and family but I had so much fun signing the half dozen books people bought that I smiled the whole three hours I was there.
Is there a message you’d like to send through your book?
For the book Survivor the most important message I want to share is that people who are going through domestic violence situations aren’t alone. It is not their fault, they don’t deserve what is happening and there are those of us who are there for them.
If your book was made into a film, who would you like to play the lead?
I have never thought about who would play the characters, I know settings and camera angles but I never really cared about specific actors. It would just be whoever seemed right for the part at the audition.
Is there one person, past or present, you would love to meet? Why?
Thomas Jefferson. He was a tremendous thinker and I would love to have a deep, philosophical conversation with him.
Do you have any hobbies?
I love to dance, hike, cycle, swim, basically anything active. I am not the most athletically inclined but I try real hard.
What TV shows/films do you enjoy watching?
I love true crime. Investigation Discovery is my guilty pleasure channel. I also watch shows like Rizzoli & Isles, Criminal Minds, and CSI. But I love comedy too. I never miss an episode of Big Bang Theory or Mom.
Cheese, Sweets, Salts, Carbs. All the things that make my trainer cringe.
What’s your sign, lucky number.
I am a Pisces and while I tend to see more luck with the number 23, my favorite number is 8.
What’s your favorite color.
What music do you hear in your latest book.
Sad music plays during most of Fish. It is a hard book and songs like Sound Of Silence and Mad World fill the playlist.
Do you have hobbies other than writing?
Sports, I play and watch many sports.
Imagine a future where you no longer write. What would you do?
Marketing for a travel and tourism firm.
You only have 24 hours to live how would you spend that time?
With my friends and family during the day and the last few hours cuddling my cats.
What do you want written on your head stone?
Are there any mistakes you made with your first book?
Several. I needed to learn a lot about editing and marketing but I also partnered with a person who lied to me and lead me in a very bad direction and it has taken years to get things sorted out and I am now rereleasing that book with updated everything to fix some of those mistakes.
What kind of advice can you give to other either aspiring authors?
Don’t stop. It’s hard but it’s worth it. Take all the advice given to you but only use what makes sense for you and your work.
When in doubt, who do you trust to help you out?
My mom and my boyfriend. I have writer friends too but the other two are my first choice for anything in life.
Tell us how we may get a copy of your book. (Kindle, Amazon, Barnes and Noble, paperback etc.)
You can find links to all of my books through my Amazon author page.